Commercial Construction Categories

In the world of construction, the type of project can vary among the array of different clientele seeking to build a particular commercial structure. Certain aspects of those jobs will be similar, yet knowing the various nuances that are required are what end up making the ultimate choice of which commercial construction company to use a more simple endeavor.
Later in this article, we will speak about commercial construction and you will find a list of the most common commercial construction categories that are constructed in the marketplace.

Construction Project Type

Do you know what type of construction project are you working on? This is an essential question for a whole host of construction payment-related issues. Determining the construction project type is an important question that is asked of you every time you start a new project.
In the construction industry, the type of construction project refers to the actual facility being constructed for most of the people. Their different construction types, which are the followings:

  • Residential building construction
  • Industrial construction
  • Commercial building construction
  • Heavy civil construction

Breaking down construction projects by the type of facility is a good reference, however, it is not the most helpful structure. Instead, it is much more meaningful to categorize construction projects based on who owns it. Why? Because that is what state and federal laws care about when it comes to protecting your right to get paid.
Laws aren’t concerned with the facility you’re working on, and whether it’s industrial or heavy civil. Instead, they set requirements based on who owns the project. Just look at prompt payment laws, mechanics lien and bond claim rights, and pretty much any other law that affects your right to payment on a job.

Three Categories of Construction Project

Speaking broadly, you can separate construction projects into several different types. There are mainly three categories of Construction Project: 

  • State construction
  • Federal construction
  • Private construction

State Construction Projects

People may get confused by the term “state” while talking about state construction projects as long as the term “state” can lead to projects commissioned by a city, county, municipality, government board, public school board, or any other entity funded by the state. This term means any government-funded construction that is not “federal”.Go ahead for more information in the following section.
State construction projects can take a diversity of forms.
They can be pretty traditional projects like the construction of a public school or government building (for example courtroom).  These projects can also be pretty sophisticated, such as the construction of a bridge, sewer line, highways, and so on.

Federal Construction Projects

Federal construction projects are similar to state projects. Just like state projects they can take on different forms, such as simple and traditional, and/or very complex.  And the stuff being constructed can be pretty similar to the stuff constructed by state authority: flood control projects, courthouses, government buildings, and so on.
The difference between state and federal projects simply depends on who owns or controls the underlying project site. The difference is not which entity funds the project, because federal funds are all over state projects, as well as private ones. The difference is in who owns and controls the project.
If work is done on a state courthouse using federally provided funds, it is a state project. If work is done on a federal courthouse, however, it’s a federal project.  Work done on a federally funded interstate is usually a state project because the states control the highways. Work done through the US Army Corps of Engineers, however, even on state land such as the levees, is always a federal project because it is federally controlled.

Private Construction Projects

The first type of construction project is the Private Construction Project. Put simply, private projects are projects of every type that are owned, controlled, or commissioned by a private party.  Private parties include individuals, homeowners, corporations, other business entities, non-profit associations, privately funded schools, hospitals, publicly traded companies, etc.  Anything, in other words, that is not the government.
Private construction projects come in all different shapes and sizes, and this is when it is useful to look at the character of the work performed to segment private construction into different subcategories.  These subcategories would in its turn include:

  • Residential construction
  • Industrial construction
  • Commercial construction 

Residential Construction

Whenever construction work is being performed to a single-family residence or a residential facility with (usually) less than 3 or 4 units.  If you are working on an apartment complex this would more likely be considered a commercial project instead of a residential project. Similarly, if you are working at a condominium, the work would be residential if upon a single unit, but if on the entire complex or the common elements, the work would more likely be considered commercial.

Industrial Construction

This is a relatively small segment of the construction industry. These projects include power plants, manufacturing plants, solar wind farms, refineries, etc. While termed “industrial construction,” it is pretty interchangeable with “commercial construction.”

Commercial Construction

Finally, it is time to return to commercial constructions. Commercial construction is the construction of any buildings or similar structures for commercial purposes. Commercial construction includes a huge variety of projects including building restaurants, grocery stores, skyscrapers, shopping centers, sports facilities, hospitals, private schools, and universities, and so on. And below is the promised list of commercial construction categories:

commercial construction categories

Grocery and Retail Stores

Since the hope that such places will be frequented by customers on a regular basis, the overall layout of the building that’s either constructed or renovated is important. This means that the look of both the inside and outside has to take into consideration more fluid movement in the former area while also present a welcoming look from the latter perspective.


When it comes to restaurant chains, conforming to the guidelines set out by the corporation is paramount to successful construction. For individual establishments, coming up with a unique or innovative approach can make a huge difference when it comes to customer comfort and employee versatility. One important difference in this type of project is understanding the local regulations that pertain to safety matters and other matters related to the kitchen area.

Lodging Facilities

This largely focuses on the hotel and motel industry, which focus on issues like ease of access as well as the level of comfort and privacy for guests. Some motel construction projects can be very basic, while massive hotels demand an experienced hand during that particular commercial construction. Knowing that the ability to enjoy peace and quiet can be integral to repeat business, this type of build sometimes needs to juggle issues like sound-proofing with a background that can offer experienced know-how.

Office Buildings

The scope of these types of buildings can range from functional facilities for a small firm to skyscrapers for a major corporation. In the latter case, that can also include one that has blended multiple businesses within its vast framework. The type of business using this building could mean setting it up in a different fashion, as opposed to simply using a cookie-cutter approach. At the same time, construction necessities like bathrooms and fire escapes must address vital access concerns.

Industrial Buildings

While the home base of some businesses may be in an office, companies that produce items on a daily basis need facilities to house necessary machines or equipment, storage areas, and other facets. That can mean the ceiling heights of particular rooms need to be adjusted or lower levels need to be constructed. The type of business can also mean that making it easier to address safety matters can be part of the construction process.

Medical Facilities

The need for places like hospitals will never fade, yet smaller clinics and buildings that deal with the pet population are also part of this equation. All of these areas need a construction that factors in easy movement for personnel and patients while also making room for things like potentially life-saving equipment. Accessibility in this instance will need to be aware that all segments of society will likely be using the facility.

commercial construction with Army of Builders

The Army of Builders with more than four decades of experience has established a proud legacy of completing hundreds of projects. The capabilities of the Army of Builders staff go beyond the areas listed above, so when the time comes that you need an experienced commercial construction business, just contact us.